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Reports
12 January, 2010

State Employment Programmes: Politics Aside?

State-financed employment programmes have become a new tradition since 2006. While the true scale of the unemployment problem in Georgia is misrepresented by the official statistics, the actual magnitude of unemployment is acknowledged by the heavy focus on the issue, especially at politically sensitive times. Elections have proven an especially effective moment to capture the momentum.

12 January, 2010

Reforming Georgia's Social Welfare System

For a country like Georgia with some 50-55% of the population living below the poverty line and some 15% living in conditions of extreme poverty, the need for a coherent and sustainable social security policy is urgent. Georgia inherited the Soviet system of social security, which guaranteed a decent living for pensioners, the unemployed, the disabled, families with many children and people fitting countless other groups. Since the collapse of the USSR, however, Georgia has been unable to afford such lavish social spending, nor has it revised the existing model in a systematic and comprehensive manner.

12 January, 2010

Reform of Georgia's Defence Sector

Two major developments have characterized activity in Georgia’s defence sector since the 2003 Rose Revolution: intensified effort to hasten Georgian accession to NATO and, correspondingly, large-scale infrastructural and long-term planning reforms aimed at meeting NATO entry requirements. Success has been mixed in both areas: in September 2006 the heads of state of twenty-six NATO member countries agreed to the commencement of Intensified Dialogue (ID) with Georgia. While this would seem to be a step in a positive direction, the length of the ID is indefinite and Georgia’s rights and responsibilities during this stage of cooperation are only loosely defined. Georgia’s Ministry of Defence (henceforth MoD) has adopted an elaborate new management scheme for defence planning and oversight, however local defence specialists claim that NATO-specific objectives have been fulfilled on paper only, while substantive reform has yet to be realized. While responsibility for the development and implementation of defence reform lies with the Georgian side primarily, the ambiguity of NATO requirements at stages along the way to full integration has made Georgian compliance and accountability an especially difficult task.

12 January, 2010

Reforming the System of National Statistics in Georgia

National statistics, among many other policy issues, is given significant attention in the European Neighbourhood Policy Action Plan (section 4.5.5). The ENP AP stipulates that reform of national statistics should take two forms: first, statistical methods that are fully compatible with European

12 January, 2010

Reforming the Georgian Civil Service: Grand corporation or a competitive market?

Civil service reform is arguably a cornerstone of economic, political and social restructuring of the Georgian state. On one hand, a reformed civil service should provide effective mechanisms for the performance of state institutions. On the other hand, it should ensure fair and equal treatment of citizens. Effective civil service is also crucial for meeting Georgia’s internationally committed targets, since relevant activities should be planned and implemented by the politically neutral bureaucracy.

12 January, 2010

Political Parties in Georgia: Issues of Party Financing

Political parties are necessary for the functioning of a modern democracy. The strength and degree of institutionalisation of a party system is often invoked as a reliable measure of the strength of democracy itself in a given country. Evaluation of a party system is especially useful in analyses of countries with relatively short and/or mixed track records of democratic functioning.

12 January, 2010

"One Hundred New Hospitals" for Georgia: How Long Will They Last?

Early in 2007 the Georgian government launched a nationwide program of hospital sector restructuring deemed “100 New Hospitals.” The goal of the program is to transfer ownership of all state-owned, privately administered hospitals in Tbilisi and the regions to the private sector by means of direct sale. The following report assesses the Georgian government’s hospital privatisation program in light of the broader healthcare reform goals specified in the European Community-Georgia European Neighborhood Policy (ENP) Action Plan, namely: improvement of the quality and accessibility of healthcare services, restructuring of healthcare administration and management, and establishment of a sustainable system of healthcare financing.

12 January, 2010

Television in Georgia – Ownership, Control and Regulation

Today, Georgia's media is less free and pluralistic than it was before the Rose Revolution in 2003 and the ousting of President Eduard Shevardnadze. While the country enjoys a pluralistic, albeit small print media, Georgia lacks a truly pluralistic television sector. Television remains the dominant source of information for most Georgians.

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